India will chair the Taliban sanctions committee, the counter-terrorism committee, and the Libya sanctions committee. Observers in Pakistan fear that
as a chair of the Taliban sanctions committee and the counter-terrorism committee, India may harass Pakistan by imposing sanctions.
India’s envoy to the UN, has said: “The Taliban sanctions committee…has always been a high priority for India, keeping in mind our strong interest and commitment to peace, security, development, and progress of Afghanistan”.
The committee was formed through resolution number 1988 in 2011. The 1267 sanctions regime on al-Qaeda was split amid growing concerns over alarming levels
of violence by the Taliban in Afghanistan.
The Taliban sanctions committee is responsible for making the list of countries financially supporting
or associated with the Taliban. Based on this list, countries around the globe change their laws and ban the organizations supporting the terror group.
On the Taliban sanctions committee, Tirumurti had said: “Our chairing this committee at this juncture will help keep the focus on the presence of terrorists and their sponsors threatening the peace process in Afghanistan. It has been our view
that the peace process and violence cannot go hand in hand.”
As far as the counter-terrorism committee is concerned, it was formed in
the aftermath of the 9/11 terror attacks in New York. India had led it before, during its last stint as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council during 2011-12.
According to the Indian envoy to the UN, the chairing of this committee has a special resonance for India because it has not only been at the forefront of fighting terrorism, especially cross-border terrorism but has also been
one of its biggest victims.
Experts point out that India’s role in both these committees is crucial to Pakistan, which is already in
the process of fulfilling the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) recommendations. The global body deals with money laundering and terror financing.
There has long been the perception that India has been trying to put Pakistan on FATF’s blacklist, hence blocking international funding to the country.