On the other hand Pakistan Army backed Death Squad members also conducted several attacks against Balochis including an attack with heavy weapons
on the house of a Baloch Activist Identified as Rakhiya Bugti in Gazzi area of Dera Bugti district, Balochistan on 20 Jun 20. During the attack the Death squad members abducted her brother Bahawal Bugti, killed her son Khuda Bakhsh and also severely injured
two relatives including her 70-year-old mother. Baloch organizations like Baloch National Movement (BNM), Baloch Republican Party (BRP) conducted several protests and online campaigns against these types of operations and abductions by Pak Army and its death
squads. Recently Baloch National Movement (BNM) organized a protest in Berlin, Germany on 28 Jun 20 against enforced disappearance of Deen Mohammad Baloch and other was by Baloch Republican Party (BRP) Greece unit to demonstrate in front of Greek parliament
in Athens on 22 Jun 20 against recent killings of women by Pakistan army sponsored death Squads in Kech and Dera Bugti. Another protest rally was held in Quetta, Balochistan on 21 Jun 20 under the auspices of the Bramash Solidarity Committee Shaal against
Dannuk and Dazzin tragedy. During the protest and campaigns, the Baloch People and organizations demanded that the arrested accused must be brought to justice and justice be served to the affected families. Protesters also demanded the elimination of death
squads across Balochistan.
Policymakers in Islamabad believe that Baloch militant groups’
ability to attack Pakistani forces successfully is due to Iran’s inability to take action against their sanctuaries in its border region with Pakistan. Pakistan’s Foreign Minister recently said that the training camps and logistical camps of this
new alliance (BRAS) are inside the Iranian border region. For Pakistan, the challenge coming from the Iranian border region is one of the main reasons for Pakistan’s insistence on fencing the 900 km long shared frontier with Iran. However, successful
fencing and monitoring of the border is unlikely to happen unless Tehran offers its support to Pakistan and becomes a party to the project. To this end, Pakistan’s policy makers need to ensure that the project adequately develops stakes for Iran’s
security to gain the latter’s cooperation.
In the coming times, Pakistan’s
security forces will have to allocate more resources and personal to check militant activity on the Iranian border region. The likely alliance of the BLA and BLF under BRAS means that Pakistan’s efforts to weaken and divide militant groups in the region
have not been effective. A number of recent attacks in the province indicate that militants’ local contacts remain intact and more efforts are needed to uproot insurgent group’s local support base. Pakistan’s efforts to secure Balochistan
for mega-development projects are falling short of attaining their desired goals. Balochistan is also home to the Port of Gwadar, which is run by a Chinese operator. The province features prominently in Beijing’s multi-billion dollar Belt and Road Initiative.
Separatists have targeted Chinese engineers working on different projects and last year even attacked the Chinese consulate in Karachi. A heavy handed approach by the state, including the Pakistan army’s crackdown, is often blamed for pushing young Baloch
towards the separatist groups.
Resource-rich Balochistan, Pakistan’s largest province by area but the least populated has been gripped by an insurgency for more than 15 years. Islamabad has had a testy relationship
with Baloch nationalists who complain that locals haven’t benefitted from the resources of the province. For years, natural gas from Sui region in Balochistan fuelled power plants, factories and stoves in homes across Pakistan. But the federal government
gave the province a miniscule share of the national budget. Around 90 percent of the settlements in the province don’t have access to clean drinking water and people there earn less than the national average.
The Baloch and the East Pakistani Bengalis were among first to disagree with the West Pakistani security establishment. Starting
from the 1970s, the Baloch have been fighting for more autonomy within Pakistan. Their struggle has been brutally suppressed by the Pakistani state. The Baloch are deprived of their political rights and are targeted with state violence and oppression. It is
a well-known fact that Pakistan’s policy in Balochistan has been one of brutally suppressing the Baloch insurgency, instead of trying to understand and accommodate demands for political and economic autonomy. Balochistan is the cauldron of the worst
human rights violations in Pakistan, which does not have a good track record of upholding human rights in general. Its oppression of religious minorities – including Christians and Ahmadis – is widely recognized. These injustices at hands of Pakistanis
need the world’s attention.
11 Aug 20/Tuesday