Altaf Hussain had earlier requested for UN intervention against gross human atrocities during Op Blue Fox
What happened from 19th of June 1992 in Urban Sindh, is black history. It is one of the most blackened chapters of the political
history of Pakistan. An operation was launched against MQM by the joint venture of the political as well as the military establishment ruling over the country at that time. Karachi had been made a battlefield for the MQM workers. The Pakistani government
launched Operation Clean-up (codenamed Operation Blue Fox) in 1992 and sent the military into Karachi to crack down on MQM.
Nawaz Sharif – operation cleanup 1992
Planned by the FIA, Intelligence Bureau and launched under the directives of Prime Minister Nawaz
Sharif in 1992, the program was more roughly pursued by upcoming Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in
1993–94, as part of her internal policies.
As per data in Wikipedia, there were approx 24500 fatal casualties and around 30000 Mohajirs
were injured, however, it is said that there were more casualties which were not reported.
Statistics obtained from Wikipedia
The operation’s objective was to “cleanse” Karachi city
of “Mohajirs” who were tagged as “anti-national elements”. The program targeted the Muttahida Qaumi Movement. Among the reasons given for the launching of the Blue Fox were the Jinnahpur affair and the Major Kaleem Case in Karachi that occurred in 1993. The
street fighting with the PPP continued in rural Karachi with the PPP’s controversial decision of forming of Malir District in 1994.
Altaf Hussain escaped Karachi one month before the operation began, following an attack
on his life on 21 December 1991. Hussain fled to London and applied for political asylum.
From 1993 to 1996, the port city of Karachi had become
a political battleground between prime minister Benazir Bhutto’s Pakistan Peoples Party and the Mohajir Qaumi Movement. In the wake of the ensuing political unrest, the MQM had remained vocal about the arbitrary arrests and extrajudicial killings of
Genocide of Mohajirs by Pak Rangers
During Operation Clean-up, MQM was accused of being anti-Pakistan and of planning
a separatist break-away state, Jinnahpur. However, later some senior army officers, Brigadier (R) Imtiaz and General (R) Naseer Akhtar, confessed that Jinnahpur was “nothing but a drama” against MQM for the military operation and there was no map
of Jinnahpur. Asif Zardari who was then President of Pakistan is also said to have “said in court premises in Karachi that the Jinnahpur scandal was created to malign the MQM.
Although 20 years have passed since the alleged arrest or disappearance of MQM workers, families of the missing people are still hopeful after registering the cases in the Supreme Court of Pakistan
Shunned by Bhutto’s disavowal, Altaf Hussain approached Nawaz Sharif, leader of the Islami Jamhoori Ittihad (IJI). The IJI was an opposition coalition eager to topple Bhutto’s government. As a result of their meeting, a formal agreement between the MQM and the IJI came to pass. However, when Sharif
later came into power, he couldn’t honor those commitments either. Hussain became increasingly harsh and hostile in his opinions regarding the governing parties and would often accuse them of political hypocrisy. Seeing that striving for justice in a
constitutional capacity was futile, ethnic militancy thrived. The gulf between Muhajirs and Sindhis widened leading to several cases of “ethnic cleansing” in Hyderabad.
The killing of Altaf Hussain’s brother and nephew
It was reported that the Karachi police and
the paramilitary Rangers force had arrested Nasir Hussain and his son from the Federal B area in Karachi on 4 and 6 December 1995 respectively. In a statement issued on 7 December 1995, MQM blamed the government and the law enforcement agencies for the unlawful
arrests of Nasir and Arif from their residence in Samanabad. On 9 December 1995, the badly mutilated corpses of both Nasir and Arif were found in an isolated area in Gadap Town in Karachi.
Ex-ISI chief’s attempt to bribe Altaf Hussain