Pakistan Army has been an omnipotent institution in Pakistan.  Taking advantage of the complex relation of civil-mil leadership which is always in a state of flux, Pak Army has further secured its position and ghost rules the countries but is forever in denial mode.

Today Pak Army is so strong that it is a state within a state ~ deep state. Let us know the genesis of this brass empire.

In 1958 Iskander Mirza the Defense Secretary under Liaqat Ali Khan and later the Governor of East Bengal took over the Governor-Generalship from Mallik Gulam Muhammad and by promulgating the constitution in 1956 became the first President of Pakistan. But from 1956–58 his tenure had huge political instability which led him to declare Martial Law in 1958.

He then dissolved the democratic institution and appointed his close aid and Chief of Army Staff General Ayub Khan as the chief martial law administrator of the country. In less than a month the relationship between the two men deteriorated over the power and authority and Gen Ayub Khan toppled Mirza’s Government in November’s Coup, thus giving birth to a new role of the Army; bringing the army into active politics for the first time and undermining the civilian government with the help of  “Doctrine of Necessity”.

There is no broad-based constituency for civil-military reform in Pakistan, let alone at a time when terrorist attacks occur at a steady rate and ties with Americans have soured. Only a top-down effort by civilian elites can begin the process of civil-military rebalancing, without which Pakistan will remain buffeted by the whims and strategic delusions of its deep state.

People need to ask fundamental questions about how the civilian government can be held accountable when the military controls foreign and defense policies.

By now we are clear that the military top brass in Pakistan has varied self-defined roles which are suspicious by nature.  Despite that, the role of the Pak Army remains unchallenged in Pakistan and it continues to rule its subjects by safely safeguarding its own interests.

In Pakistan’s political and democratic/dictatorship scenarios, two Generals role remains very crucial Chief of Army Staff and DG ISI. From Gen. Ziaul Haq to Gen. Pervez Musharraf and Gen. Kiyani, we have seen a very clear make-n-break role of army chiefs and DG ISIs in politics, democracy, and dictatorship.

Apropos, it is interesting to know the new rulers, the six new generals ~ from the most elite (privileged) class of Pakistan.

Last week the Army Promotion Board headed by Chief of Army Staff Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa approved the promotions of the following six Maj Gens:


Rank & Name


Parent Arm


Lt Gen Azhar Saleh Abbasi

Chief of Logistics Staff General Headquarters (GHQ)

Armoured Corps

75 PMA Long Course

Maj Gen Nadeem Zaki Manj

Commander Mangla Corps

Armoured Corps

75 PMA Long Course)

Maj Gen Shaheen Mazhar

Commander Peshawar Corps

Armoured Corps

75 PMA Long Course)

Maj Gen Abdul Aziz

Military Secretary General Headquarters (GHQ)


75 PMA Long Course)

DG Maj Gen Asim Munir


23 Frontier Force

17 OTS

Maj Gen Syed Muhammad Adnan

Vice Chief of General Staff VCGS (B)

Punjab Regiment

76 PMA Long Course

Maj Gen Waseem  Ashraf

Inspector General (IG) Arms.

Frontier Force

76 PMA Long Course

Also here is a seniority-wise list of Pakistan Army Generals who are due to retire soon: 





Date of Retirement


Chairman, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)

Lt Gen Omar Mahmood Hayat

Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) 
Colonel Commandant Army Ordnance Corps[2]

8 April 2019


Director-General Joint Staff (DG JS)

Lt Gen Malik Zafar Iqbal

 Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) 
Colonel Commandant Baloch Regiment[3]

8 April 2019


Commander 31 Corps, Bahawalpur

Lt Gen Javed Mehmood Bukhari [4]

 Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) 
Colonol Commandant Corps of Engineers

8 April 2019


Adjutant General (AG)

Lt Gen Anwar Ali Hyder

 Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) 
Frontier Force Regiment 
Colonel Commandant Corps of Military Police

8 April 2019


Inspector General, Communications and IT (IG C&IT)[5]

Lt Gen Shahid Baig Mirza

 Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) 
Colonel Commandant Punjab Regiment

8 April 2019


Commander, Southern Command (SC) Quetta & 12 Corps, Quetta [6]

Lt Gen Asim Saleem Bajwa

 Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) 
Punjab Regiment

23 September 2019


Chairman, Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF) Wah

Lt Gen Sadiq Ali

 Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) 
Armoured Corps[6]

23 September 2019


Commander, 4 Corps, Lahore

Lt Gen Aamer Riaz

 Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) 
Frontier Force Regiment[6]

23 September 2019


11 Oct 2018/Monday                                                                         Written by   Afsana