Mohajirs massacred in hundreds

MQM founder Altaf Hussain

What happened from 19th of June 1992 in Urban Sindh, is a black history. It is one of the most blackened chapters of the political history of Pakistan. An operation was launched against MQM by the joint venture of the political as well as the military establishment ruling over the country at that time. Karachi had been made a battlefield for the MQM workers. The Pakistani government launched Operation Clean-up (codenamed Operation Blue Fox) in 1992 and sent the military into Karachi to crack down on MQM.

Planned by the FIAIntelligence Bureau and launched under the directives of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in 1992, the program was more roughly pursued by upcoming Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in 1993–94, as part of her internal policies.

As per data in Wikipedia, there were approx 24500 fatal casualties and around 30000 Mohajirs were injured, however, it is said that there were more casualties which were not reported.

Statistics obtained from Wikipedia

The operation’s objective was to “cleanse” Karachi city of “Mohajirs” who were tagged as “anti-national elements”.  The program targeted the Muttahida Qaumi Movement.  Among the reasons given for the launching of the Blue Fox were the Jinnahpur affair and the Major Kaleem Case in Karachi that occurred in 1993. The street fighting with the PPP continued in rural Karachi with the PPP’s controversial decision of forming of Malir District in 1994.

Hussain escaped Karachi one month before the operation began, following an attack on his life on 21 December 1991. Hussain fled to London and applied for political asylum.

From 1993 to 1996, the port city of Karachi had become a political battleground between prime minister Benazir Bhutto’s Pakistan Peoples Party and the Mohajir Qaumi Movement. In the wake of the ensuing political unrest, the MQM had remained vocal about the arbitrary arrests and extrajudicial killings of its members.

Genocide of Mohajirs by Pak Rangers

During Operation Clean-up, MQM was accused of being anti-Pakistan and of planning a separatist break-away state, Jinnahpur. However, later some senior army officers, Brigadier (R) Imtiaz and General (R) Naseer Akhtar, confessed that Jinnahpur was “nothing but a drama” against MQM for the military operation and there was no map of Jinnahpur. Asif Zardari who was then President of Pakistan is also said to have “said in court premises in Karachi that the Jinnahpur scandal was created to malign the MQM.

Although 19 years have passed since the alleged arrest or disappearance of MQM workers, families of the missing people are still hopeful after registering the cases in the Supreme Court of Pakistan

MQM-IJI agreement

Shunned by Bhutto’s disavowal, Altaf Hussain approached Nawaz Sharif, leader of the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI). The IJI was an opposition coalition eager to topple Bhutto’s government. As a result of their meeting, a formal agreement between the MQM and the IJI came to pass. However, when Sharif later came into power, he couldn’t honor those commitments either. Hussain became increasingly harsh and hostile in his opinions regarding the governing parties and would often accuse them of political hypocrisy. Seeing that striving for justice in a constitutional capacity was futile, ethnic militancy thrived. The gulf between Muhajirs and Sindhis widened leading to several cases of “ethnic cleansing” in Hyderabad.

The killing of brother and nephew

It was reported that the Karachi police and the paramilitary Rangers force had arrested Nasir Hussain and his son from the Federal B area in Karachi on 4 and 6 December 1995 respectively. In a statement issued on 7 December 1995, MQM blamed the government and the law enforcement agencies for the unlawful arrests of Nasir and Arif from their residence in Samanabad. On 9 December 1995, the badly mutilated corpses of both Nasir and Arif were found in an isolated area in Gadap Town in Karachi.

Ex-ISI chief’s attempt to bribe Altaf Hussain  

Altaf Hussain revealed that while he was admitted in Abbasi Shaheed Hospital in 1988, Late Hameed Gul (ISI chief at the time) sent briefcase full of money through Brigadier(R) Imtiaz and tried to bribe him in joining Pakistan military establishment led IJI coalition which was against PPP but he rejected the offer. Later both Brig (R) Imtiaz and Hameed Gul also confirmed the statement.

Does this kind of hatred not send a clear message that no one is ready to accept Mohajirs in Pakistan? Will such a negativity against a minority ever result in ethnic harmony and unity that Pakistan badly needs to survive? Sad but true. Hope history does not repeat itself & the Kashmiri’s of AJK and POK have taken a note or two.  Will a nation that questions the identity of its own people ever win the trust of others?

31 May 2018/ Thursday                                                              Written by Afsana


MQM announces conditional boycott of Pak general elections

The Muttahida Qaumi Movement’s (MQM) founder Altaf Hussain has made some shocking revelations in a leading South Asian daily in which he has directly blamed the Pakistani authorities for repeated massacres of Mohajirs in Pakistan.

Altaf Hussain has demanded the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to constitute a commission to look into the massacre of the Mohajirs in Pakistan since 1947, in particular, the Pukka Qilla massacre in 1990 between May 26 and 27, which was worst of all previous carnages. He made the demand during his address to the participants of an Iftar-cum-dinner that was hosted by the UK east chapter of the MQM.

Reveals the plot of Jinnah’s murder

Hussain said that the Mohajirs are a constant victim of state-sponsored repressive agenda after they had founded Pakistan, adding that the community had erected its basic structure as a sovereign state but the “demonic military junta” of Pakistan had assassinated the country’s founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah through “poison.”

“He (Jinnah) was sick and was at his Ziarat Residency in Quetta when he was transported to Karachi in an ambulance for treatment but the military junta had put him in a highly depreciated ambulance which had halted midway to Karachi. The military junta did not want to see him survive of the poison that was given to him. This very military junta that has always been power-hungry also assassinated the first Premier of Pakistan Mr. Khan Liaquat Ali Khan, who was a right hand of the founder of Pakistan. He was shot dead during a public gathering at Rawalpindi,” he claimed.

Hussain further said that the Pakistani military establishment had also “assassinated” Jinnah’s sister Fatimah Jinnah and called her an Indian agent because she had dared to fight elections against military dictator Ayub Khan.

MQM announces the conditional boycott of Pak general elections

In a recent video briefing, the Coordination Committee Convener of MQM, Dr. Nadeem Ehsan said: “Despite all plots and conspiracies, all atrocities and injustices, the ISI could not eliminate the Movement (MQM) and the Movement has gained more strength and unity instead.” He further added, “It was not new that Mr. Hussain had criticized the corrupt military junta of Pakistan, as almost all politicians and clerics in Pakistan have also slammed them for their wrongdoing. But the military establishment only dared to lock Mr. Hussain’s residence and bulldozed party offices. The military establishment had only chased MQM workers, but kidnapped them, jailed them sans and lawful charge, executed them in custody and crossed all limits of human rights violations.”

Pukka Qilla massacre

Pukka Qila massacare, Pak Rangers seen laughing in the pictures

He said that the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) carried the massacre of Mohajirs and they continued to suffer from PPP’s tyranny during all of its present and previous governments. Hussain further asserted that it was PPP’s founder and former Pakistan President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who presented the Sindhi ethnic language bill in the Sindh provincial assembly that was completely anti-Urdu.

Late Pakistani poet Raees Amrohavi had in an improvised remark said, “Urdu Ka Janaza Hay Zara Dhoom Sey Nikley” (You are burying the Urdu language so there should be a great manifest of jubilation from your side). Hussain added that when Mohajirs protested against the bill, they were killed and their graves were still present in the compound of Masjid-e Shuhda (Mosque of martyrs) at Liaquatabad.

Hundreds of Mohajirs were killed in Pukka Qila

He said that on unending repression on Mohajirs, he was compelled to found All Pakistan Mohajir Students Organisation (APMSO) (A student union in University of Karachi) on June 11, 1978, and on that day, they were also expelled from the university on gunpoint. Later, Hussain continued to say that he founded the MQM on March 18, 1984, on which massacre of Mohajirs was carried by Pakistan through Sindhi nationalists and law enforcement authorities.

Attacks in Hyderabad

“On October 31, 1986, Mohajir convoys towards Hyderabad were attacked in which hundreds of Mohajirs were martyred at Sohrab Goth in Karachi’s Super Highway and Market Chowk in Hyderabad. On December 14, 1986, Mohajir colony, Aligarh and Qasba were attacked where armed militants continued to kill Mohajir men, women, elderly and children for six hours. After killing, the militants set their homes ablaze,” he added.

Similarly, Hussain said, on September 30, 1988, state agencies facilitated and armed groups of “militants” ensured a huge massacre of Mohajirs in Hyderabad, where hundreds of men, women, elderly and children were killed and women were raped. Hussain asserted that 300 Mohajirs were killed in the attack. This he said was a joint conspiracy of PPP and military establishment. For the massacre, they had released criminals and terrorists from jails, armed them, dressed then in police uniforms and thus the Mohajirs were killed in an ambush at Pukka Qilla. Hussain continued that the bodies were buried inside the Pukka Qilla premise and the massacre went for two days (May 26 and 27, 1990). He claimed that no terrorist has been arrested or taken to task and the “nominees” and mastermind of the carnage were acquitted.

According to Liaquat-Nehru Pact-1950, the property of Hindu of Pakistan migrating to India would be given to Mohajirs migrating from India to Pakistan. Mohajirs have not yet been given a single inch of the evacuated property and hence they were forced to live in tents. Mohajirs’ ancestors laid 20 million lives for the creation of Pakistan and freed people of present Pakistan.

Altaf Hussain has repeatedly warned the Kashmiris of AJK and POK of a similar fate and fights against atrocities on Mohajirs from MQM’s London based faction. He favors peace between India and Pakistan and has always been a vocal advocate of bridging gaps between the two neighboring rivals. He is of the belief that a well-planned conspiracy to intensify sectarian violence is hatched by the Pak Army/ISI. Flaring this ethnic powder keg helps Pak Army remain relevant amongst the populace.

More to follow in Part II of this article ….

30 May 18/Wednesday.                                                    Written by Afsana